Coffee is very important in Ethiopia, both culturally and economically. Here are some key reasons to explore the incredible world of coffee together:
Ethiopia is often considered the birthplace of coffee. Legend has it that a 9th-century Ethiopian goat herder named Kaldi discovered coffee when he noticed his goats became more energetic after eating certain berries. This historical connection makes coffee deeply ingrained in Ethiopian culture.
Cultural Rituals and Traditions:
Coffee plays a central role in Ethiopian social and cultural life. The traditional Ethiopian coffee ceremony, known as “Bunna,” is a symbolic and communal process of roasting, grinding, and brewing coffee. It is a ritual that brings people together, fostering community and conversation.
Coffee is a major contributor to Ethiopia’s economy. It is one of the country’s most significant exports and a crucial source of foreign exchange earnings. The coffee industry provides employment for a substantial portion of the population, from farmers to those involved in processing, transportation, and export.
Livelihoods of Farmers:
Millions of Ethiopian farmers depend on coffee cultivation for their livelihoods. Coffee farming is often carried out by smallholder farmers who rely on the crop as a primary source of income. The success of the coffee industry directly impacts the well-being of these farmers and their communities.
Biodiversity and Agroecology:
Coffee is grown in diverse ecological zones in Ethiopia, contributing to the country’s rich biodiversity. The traditional method of shade-grown coffee farming has ecological benefits, promoting biodiversity and helping maintain the health of the environment.
Global Reputation for Quality:
Ethiopian coffee is renowned for its high quality and distinctive flavor profiles. The country’s various coffee varieties, such as Sidamo, Yirgacheffe, and Harrar, are celebrated globally for their unique and complex taste characteristics.
Tourism and Cultural Exchange:
Ethiopia’s association with coffee attracts tourists interested in experiencing the country’s coffee culture firsthand. Coffee plantations, cafes, and cultural tours related to coffee provide opportunities for cultural exchange and contribute to the tourism industry.
Diplomacy and International Relations:
Coffee has played a role in diplomatic relations, with Ethiopia using its coffee heritage as a means of promoting its culture and forging connections with other nations. The Ethiopian government has also sought to protect the intellectual property rights of its coffee varieties.
Arrival and city tour of Addis Ababa
Upon your arrival, our staff will extend a warm welcome and assist in transferring you to your hotel. The name “Addis Ababa” in Amharic, the national language of Ethiopia, translates to “New Flower.”
Founded in 1886 by Menelik II, Addis Ababa is situated at an altitude of 2,500 meters in the Entoto mountain chain (3,000 meters above sea level). The city boasts a delightful climate year-round, with an average temperature of 25ºC.
Addis Ababa offers a pleasant ambiance, featuring avenues lined with jacaranda trees, captivating museums, and the expansive open-air market known as the “Merkato.” The city also hosts numerous restaurants, hotels, and discotheques.
A city tour can be arranged upon request, catering to your energy levels after long-haul flights.
Drive to Jimma (345 kms)
Embark on an early morning journey to Jimma, passing through Weliso, where the local culture, unique food preparation, and distinctive house architecture provide an enriching experience.
Visit a Gurage village before exploring local coffee farms in Jimma, engaging in a quest to determine who makes the best coffee.
Drive to Keffa
Today’s journey takes you to Keffa, the original source of coffee arabica. Explore local coffee farms in Keffa, offering an opportunity to evaluate and appreciate the nuances of coffee production.
Day trip to Bebeka
From Keffa, drive to Bebeka, home to the largest coffee farm in Ethiopia. Assess the quality of coffee and return to Jimma.
Drive to Awassa (450 kms)
Visit Sidama and Yirga Chefe, prominent coffee arabica production areas, before proceeding to Awassa.
Awassa – Yirga Cheffe (121 kms)
Drive to Yirga Cheffe to explore coffee farms and the coffee union, discerning the best coffee before returning to Awassa for the night.
Drive to Adama (186 kms)
Following a leisurely breakfast, depart for Adama, also known as Nazreth. En route, stop at Lake Ziway, offering a captivating blend of nature and culture with abundant hippos and birdlife.
Drive to Harar (325 kms)
After breakfast, journey to Harar, an ancient walled city in eastern Ethiopia. Known as one of Islam’s holy towns in Africa, Harar is considered the “fourth holy city” of Islam and the capital of a minority region within Christian Ethiopia.
Excursion in Harar city
Explore the unique cultural heritage of Harar, distinguished by 82 mosques, shrines, and traditional townhouses with captivating interior designs.
The city’s layout reflects a 16th-century Islamic town, featuring narrow alleyways, imposing facades, and a long-standing tradition of feeding meat to spotted hyenas, evolving into a mesmerizing night show for tourists.
Drive back to Addis Ababa (510 kms)
Conclude your journey with a drive back to Addis Ababa, where you will be dropped off at your hotel or the airport.